BHUTAN AT A GLANCE
There are many versions as to how Bhutan got its name Bhutan. One theory suggests that the name evolved from ‘Bhotana’(end of Tibet) or from ‘Bhu-Uttan’ meaning ‘Highland’. some believe that the name is derived from the word ‘bhot-stan’( In ancient Indian language Sanskrit, ‘Bhotia’ means people orginally from Tibet). Whatever may be the case, Bhutanese proudly call their country as Druk Yul (Land of Thunder Dragon) and themselves as drukpas. Bhutan was once known by some other names as ‘Lho Jong’ (The Southern Region) and ‘Lho Jong Men Jong’ (The Southern region of Medicinal Herbs).
REGIONS AND CLIMATE
Bhutan is a small and landlocked country situated between Tibet in the North & Northwest and India in the South, Southeast & Southwest. It has an area of 38,394 square kilometers with the longest East-west dimension stretching around 300 kilometers and North-south dimension stretching around 170 kilometers.
Climatically the country can be divided into three distinct climate zones. It is humid and subtropical in the southern plains & foothills; temperate in the inner Himalayas of southern & central region and cold in the north with year round snow on the main Himalayan summits.